Home When You Return | Carl Elsaesser

Kevin B. Lee presents:

Stretching and blurring the boundaries of video essay, experimental film and home movie, traces of a 1950s homemade melodrama by amateur filmmaker Joan Thurber Baldwin intermingle with a mournful homage to the author’s grandmother and her vacated home. A powerful mélange of cinematic and domestic spaces, past and present.

Home When You Return (2021)

! The video essay «Home When You Return» is no more in the Video Essay Gallery space !


Kevin B. Lee:

I haven’t seen A Change of Scene, a mid-length, mid-20th century melodrama written, directed, produced by and starring Joan Thurber Baldwin. I hadn’t known of Baldwin, who is primarily identified on a handful of websites as “a painter, poet, and amateur architect, as well as a filmmaker.” The Northeast Historic Film collection’s website oldfilm.org holds several of Baldwin’s films, including two reels of A Change of Scene - although these links appear to be broken as of writing this.  What is viewable there is a “test reel” in which Baldwin delivers an account of what it is like to make a low-budget movie, which she distinguishes from the big-budget Hollywood film on the one hand and the home movie on the other. This in-between space between the commercial and the personal, the industrial and the domestic, is a space that Baldwin, then a woman in her late 20s and inhabiting an era when the film industry hardly countenanced female directors, claims for herself, confidently holding a cigarette while performing the role of an auteur explaining her craft. 

Carl Elsaesser’s Home When You Return opens with this same footage, except that Baldwin’s face is blurred and her voice rendered mute, converting her words into on-screen text, though each instance of her name is blotted out. The opening credits of A Change of Scene follow, again with each instance of her name rendered illegible. When I first watched these scenes, I wasn’t sure if I was watching an altered version of the original footage or a re-enactment. I just had a strong sensation of the simultaneous presence and absence of a media object and its author. Within the context of video essays and videographic technique, these effacements draw a heightened state of analytical attention towards the original film’s elements. In this case, the camerawork, lighting, mise-en-scene and modes of address in a mid-century, northeast American amateur filmmaking context come sharply into focus as a culturally codified language of middle class aspiration.

The significance of this codified audio-visual language becomes clearer as Elsaesser’s film enters more unsettling layers of re-appropriation. Female voices from A Change of Scene occupy footage of an empty house filmed in what looks like the present. The women discuss one of them separating from her husband with a striking air of formality, melding with idyllic interiors of the well-to-do family house. Domestic space and cinematic soundtrack commingle, uncannily. Gradually the roles are reversed as the home articles begin to tell their own stories, most notably a series of paintings. Lodged in one of their frames is a letter sent to Elsaesser by his mother that tactfully details the death of his grandmother Mary Patricia Wuest, but the handwriting is replaced with typography from a 1950s Hollywood melodrama. Classical cinema permeates a deeply intimate moment, offering an audio-visual language - historically dismissed as campy housewife fodder - that, in its sentimental prettiness, conveys a certain inadequacy of middle-class cultural expressions in the face of immense personal grief, and an entire life enclosed, embalmed and entombed in propriety.

The soundtrack crescendos to a dispute over the need, in the face of a crumbling marriage, to “keep up appearances.” Home When You Return is a film hypersensitive to appearances: how mid-century Hollywood melodramas projected through their images both ideals and ideologies upon middle class women such as Baldwin and Wuest, who in turn pursued their own ambitions at a limited scale, constrained by the class proprieties and gender roles of their era. 

Nevertheless, melodrama’s projection onto family spaces and stories proves so powerful that it revises that history in its image. In a small but powerful detail that I didn’t notice until the director pointed it out to me, the letter detailing the death of Elsaesser’s grandmother is in actuality describing the death of his grandfather (Opa): look carefully at the moment when the handwritten letter transforms into Hollywood movie text for the switching of names and pronouns. What motivates such a transposition? Elsaesser informed me that while the letter assigns his grandmother her husband’s funeral with 500 guests in attendance, in real life her passing during the pandemic was mourned over a Zoom call. The paintings featured prominently in the film were made by his grandfather, but the film may lead one to attribute them to his grandmother. Is this reassignment a way of giving her the memorial she was worthy of: one worthy of the movies?

A similar identity switching - or is it a redistribution? - may be at foot later, when what appears to be Elsaesser’s silhouette is projected into filmed spaces of his grandparent’s house. As the shadow inspects each room, is it re-performing the grandfather or grandmother’s nightly ritual? Here, an image of one family member could stand for multiple presences, amounting to a co-presence that is uniquely cinematic. This image of co-presence is marked by a profound co-absence though. It’s one of a stunning array of images who show that to finally see these lives requires images of how they have not been seen.

Carl Elsaesser's Website

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